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The International Isle of Man TT (Tourist Trophy) Race is a motorcycle racing event held on the Isle of Man and was for many years the most prestigious motor-cycle race in the world. The event was part of the FIM Motorcycle Grand Prix World Championship during the period 1949–1976 before being transferred to the United Kingdom after safety concerns and run by the FIM as the British Grand Prix for the 1977 season. The Isle of Man TT Races became part of the TT Formula 1 Championship during the period 1977–1990 to preserve the event's racing status. From 1989 the racing has been developed by the Isle of Man Department of Tourism as the Isle of Man TT Festival. The race is run in a time-trial format on public roads closed for racing by the provisions of an Act of Tynwald (the parliament of the Isle of Man). The first race was held on Tuesday 28 May 1907 and was called the International Auto-Cycle Tourist Trophy. The event was organised by the Auto-Cycle Club over 10 laps of the St John's Short Course of 15 miles 1,470 yards for road-legal touring motor-cycles with exhaust silencers, saddles, pedals and mud-guards. The winner of the single-cylinder class, and overall winner of the first event in 1907, was Charlie Collier riding a Matchless motor-cycle in a time of 4 hours, 8 minutes and 8 seconds at an average race speed of 38.21 mph. The winner of the twin-cylinder class was Rem Fowler riding a Peugeot engined Norton in a time of 4 hours 21 minutes and 52 seconds at an average race speed of 36.21 mph. The trophy presented to Charlie Collier as the winner of the 1907 Isle of Man TT Race, was donated by the Marquis de Mouzilly St. Mars. It featured a stylised version of Olympic God Hermes by Giovanni Da Bologna as a silver figurine astride a winged wheel. The trophy was similar in design to the 18 carat gold Montague Trophy presented to John Napier (Arrol-Johnston) as the inaugural winner of the Isle of Man Tourist Trophy car race in 1905 now known as the RAC Tourist Trophy. The Marquis de Mouzilly St. Mars Trophy is now presented annually to the winner of the Isle of Man Senior TT Motor-Cycle Race. [READ THE REST OF THIS ARTICLE]

Raise The Titanic is a 1980 American big budget adventure film by Lew Grade's ITC Entertainment, directed by Jerry Jameson and written by Eric Hughes (adaption) and Adam Kennedy (screenplay). The film stars Jason Robards, Richard Jordan, David Selby, Anne Archer, and Alec Guinness. The film's tagline was "Once they said God himself couldn't sink her. Then they said no man on earth could reach her. Now–you will be there when we... RAISE THE TITANIC" A group of Americans who have had experience in raising small ships from the sea bed are hired to raise the famous ocean liner RMS Titanic from the North Atlantic to obtain a rare mineral that the US armed forces can use for a sound beam that can take down missiles as they enter US airspace. The Soviet Union also wants to salvage the ship because they claim they own the rare mineral. The ending of the film also differs markedly from that of the book. In both, the byzanium is not on board the Titanic, a fact only discovered once the vessel has been safely docked in New York. Instead, it is hidden in a false grave in Southby. In the book, the byzanium is discovered thanks to Dirk Pitt and is used to power the defense system, completely changing the balance of power. In the film, although it is found by Pitt and Seagram, Pitt is then asked by the head gravedigger if they want them to dig it up. Pitt then tells Seagram that it is his decision. Seagram then decides to leave it there, fearing it will otherwise be used to build a "byzanium bomb" like Sandecker had told him in the previous scene on board the Titanic. Also in the book Titanic's masts and funnels are gone but in the movie they are still there. The second funnel's top half is gone, which Seagram states "cracked off as the Titanic went down". This is presumably an allusion to the real-life collapse of Titanic's number one funnel, as reported by survivors of the sinking, the probable reason for changing this was to make the Titanic look more impressive in the film, with its front funnel intact. The film was inspired by Clive Cussler's popular novel "Raise the Titanic!" The film, however, was poorly received by critics and proved to be a box office bomb, losing most of its over $35m estimated budget. The filmmakers spent approximately 36 million dollars but only grossed about $7 million in box office revenue plus $6.8 million in rentals totaling $13.8 million altogether. Lew Grade, one of its major backers, is famously said to have remarked that it would have been cheaper to lower the Atlantic. Raise The Titanic, along with other contemporary flops, has been credited with prompting Grade's withdrawal from continued involvement with the film industry. [READ THE REST OF THIS ARTICLE]

Cauliflower ear (also hematoma auris, perichondrial hematoma, and Traumatic auricular hematoma) is a condition most common among boxers, amateur wrestlers, professional wrestlers, rugby players, and mixed martial artists. If the external portion of the ear suffers a blow, a blood clot or other fluid may collect under the perichondrium. This separates the cartilage from the overlying perichondrium that is its source of nutrients, causing the cartilage to die. This leads to a formation of fibrous tissue in the overlying skin. When this happens, the outer ear becomes permanently swollen and deformed, resembling a cauliflower. Headgear that protects the ears is worn in wrestling and rugby (where it is called a "scrum cap"), many martial arts, and other contact sports to help prevent this condition. For some wrestlers and fighters, however, a cauliflower ear is considered a badge of courage or experience. Fluid collection in the outer ear can be treated by draining the fluid and applying a compressing tie to the outer ear to reconnect the perichondrium and the cartilage. The compressing tie will be left in place for around 9 days to prevent the fluid from building up again. The outer ear is prone to infections, so antibiotics are usually prescribed. If the pressure is left alone without medical intervention, the ear can suffer serious damage. Pressure can build up and eventually rupture the ear drum. When this occurs, the ear may further wrinkle, and can become slightly pale; hence the common term "cauliflower ear". Should the ear drum rupture, the only treatment option is to heal the existing wound with stitches. Even with treatment, significant hearing loss may occur. Cosmetic procedures are available which can greatly improve the appearance of the ear, even though internal damage may persist. [READ THE REST OF THIS ARTICLE]

An avalanche is a sudden rapid flow of snow down a slope, occurring when either natural triggers or human activity causes a critical escalating transition from the slow equilibrium evolution of the snow pack. Typically occurring in mountainous terrain, an avalanche can mix air and water with the descending snow. Powerful avalanches have the capability to entrain ice, rocks, trees, and other material on the slope. Avalanches are primarily composed of flowing snow, and are distinct from mudslides, rock slides, and serac collapses on an icefall. In contrast to other natural events which can cause disasters, avalanches are not rare or random events and are endemic to any mountain range that accumulates a standing snow pack. In mountainous terrain avalanches are among the most serious objective hazards to life and property, with their destructive capability resulting from their potential to carry an enormous mass of snow rapidly over large distances. Avalanches are classified by their morphological characteristics, and are rated by either their destructive potential, or the mass of the downward flowing snow. Some of the morphological characteristics used to classify avalanches include the type of snow involved, the nature of the failure, the sliding surface, the propagation mechanism of the failure, the trigger of the avalanche, the slope angle, direction, and elevation. Avalanche size, mass, and destructive potential are rated on a logarithmic scale, typically of 5 categories, with the precise definition of the categories depending on the observation system or forecast region. [READ THE REST OF THIS ARTICLE] is not affiliated with or endorsed by wikipedia. wikipedia and the wikipedia globe are registered trademarks of
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