MV Mont

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MV Mont, formerly Knock Nevis, Seawise Giant, Happy Giant, and Jahre Viking, was a ULCC supertanker, last used as a floating storage and offloading unit (FSO) moored off the coast of Qatar in the Persian Gulf at the Al Shaheen Oil Field. She was the longest ship ever built, and possessed the greatest deadweight tonnage ever recorded. Knock Nevis was built in 1979 by Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd. at their Oppama shipyard in Yokosuka, Kanagawa, Japan, and christened Oppama when the Greek owner failed to take delivery. The shipyard exercised its right to sell the vessel and a deal was brokered with Hong Kong Orient Overseas Container Line founder C. Y. Tung to lengthen the ship by several metres and add 87,000 metric tons of cargo capacity through jumboisation. Two years later she was relaunched as Seawise Giant. After the refit, the ship had a capacity of 564,763 metric tons deadweight (DWT), a length overall of 458.45 metres (1,504.1 ft) and a draft of 24.611 metres (80.74 ft). Fully laden, her displacement was 657,019 tonnes, the heaviest of any ship of any kind, and with a draft of 24.6 m (81 ft), she was incapable of navigating the English Channel, the Suez Canal or the Panama Canal. Overall, she was generally considered the largest ship ever built. Damaged during the Iran–Iraq War by Iraqi air force while transiting the Strait of Hormuz, and carrying Iranian crude oil, she sank and was declared a total loss Shortly after Iran-Iraq war, Norman International bought the wreckage of the ship, had her refloated and repaired her. She was renamed "Happy Giant" after the repairs. These repairs were done at the Keppel Company shipyard in Singapore after towing her from Persian Gulf. She entered service in October 1991 as the Happy Giant. Jørgen Jahre bought the tanker in 1991 for US$39 million and renamed her Jahre Viking. From 1991 to 2004, she was owned by Loki Stream AS and flew the Norwegian flag. In 2004, she was bought by First Olsen Tankers Pte. Ltd., renamed Knock Nevis, and converted into a permanently moored storage tanker in the Qatar Al Shaheen oil field in the Persian Gulf. The vessel was sold to Indian ship breakers, and renamed Mont for her final journey in December 2009. After clearing Indian customs, she was sailed to, and intentionally beached at Alang, Gujarat, India for demolition. Her 36 tonne anchor was saved and sent to the Hong Kong Maritime Museum for exhibition. [READ THE REST OF THIS ARTICLE]





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